Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a reliable tool in assessing patients` level of
consciousness. This study assessed nurses` use of GCS for neurological
assessment of patients in a tertiary health facility in Edo state. Descriptive,
cross-sectional study of all nurses (226) working in wards/units where
unconscious patients are nursed. Data were collected using researchers`
developed and pre-tested questionnaire and an observational check-list.
Data were summarized using proportions and means. Hypotheses were
tested using ANOVA at P=0.05 level of significance. Only 23.4% of the
respondents have used the GCS, with significant (p>0.05) differences in
usage between the wards/units. Nurses working in A&E had the highest
usage (66.7%), while those in neurological ward and ICU expressed more
confidence in usage. Lack of continuing clinical education/updates on
GCS, and lack of enforcement of GCS use in assessment were the major
factors contributing to non-use of GCS by nurses.
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